Lecce, the Baroque masterpiece of southern Italy, described as the "Florence of the Baroque" or the "Rome of the South", has a long traditional affinity with Greek culture, going back to its foundation. The capital of Salento appeals for a unique combination of folklore, attractions, art and exciting scents. Admire the Cathedral, a wonderful example of baroque style, the former Convent of the Celestines, the Holy Cross Church, a symbol of the baroque style in Lecce built in 1646, the Arch of Triumph, erected in 1548 to pay homage to Charles V, and the churches of Saint Matthew, Saint John the Baptist and Saint Mary of the Graces.
Gallipoli, from the Greek Kallipolis meaning beautiful city, is a fishing village on the coast of southern Puglia. Gallipoli old town, built on an island now connected to the mainland by a bridge, is a picturesque and nice place to stroll. The 17th century Baroque Saint Agate Cathedral is in the center of the town; several interesting churches are along the perimeter of the old town, facing the sea. The walls and bastions surrounding the old town have been built in the 15th century to fend off attacks, especially from pirates. The walls were altered in the 19th century, permitting beautiful views of the sea, port and harbors.